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What’s called Vacuum Degassing(VD) in tool steel industry ?
2016-09-29 07:38:36
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What’s called Vacuum Degassing(VD) in tool steel industry ?

 

Vacuum degassing of steel takes place after the molten steel has left the furnace and before the steel is poured into ingots or processed through a caster. The main objectives of steel degassing are reduction/elimination of dissolved gases, especially hydrogen and nitrogen.

 

Vacuum degassing(VD), the decarburization is goes by top blowing oxygen under vacuum conditions, and through ladle bottom blowing argon to promote the circulation flow of molten steel. IN smelting stainless steel, it's easy to reduce the carbon to 0.002% - 0.008% whIle chromium not be oxidized, also vacuuming molten steel, combined with the effect of argon stirring, gas and inclusion will be removed greatly.

 

Under the effect of long time stirring for molten steel in vacuum condition, the steel inclusion be fully assembled, grow up, rise and then be removed. Compared with LadLe furnace(LF) process, the amount of non-metallic inclusion is more Less and sizes becomes smaller, usually under 10um after VD process. Meanwhile non-metallic inclusion begin to change into low melting point plastic oxide inclusions, the purity of molten steel be significantly improved.

 

Its advantages are as following :

Ø Dehydrogenation

Average rate of vacuum dehydrogenation is 66.7%, to a maximum of 78.6. Average content of [H] is 2.1ppm, minimum 1.2ppm after VD process. Main Influence factors Are vacuum processing time and argon stirring flow rate.

Ø Denitrification

Average rate of vacuum denitrification is 18.9%, to a maximum of 27.7%. Average content of [N] is 56.9ppm, minimum 42ppm. Main influence factors are the content of oxygen and sulfur in molten steel, decarburization amount, dehydrogenation amount, vacuum processing time and argon stirring flow rate.

Ø Deoxygenation and removing inclusion

Average content of [O] is 41.7ppm before vacuum degassing, after that the content Of [O] reduced to 20.7ppm. The total amount of inclusion, particle size and inclusion morphology are all get a clear improvement. Main influence factors are vacuum processing time and argon stirring flow rate.

 

Editor : Mr. Jie Yun Lee (Engineer)

Tel: +86 714 3064045, E-mail : sales@altaspecialsteel.com

Company : Alta Special Steel Co.,Ltd

 

Declaration : Alta Special Steel Co.,Ltd enjoy the ownership to this article, reproduced, please indicate the source!


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